NILAI ESTETIS MUSIK DALAM RENTANG SEJARAH MUSIK BARAT

  • Supriyadi Supriyadi Institut Seni Indonesia Yogyakarta
Keywords: internal aspect, external aspect, aesthetics, influence, change

Abstract

The history of Western music, historically, has been changing for a long time; from one period to other period until the present day. In music, the chaging automatically changes its forms, styles, characteristics, harmony, and particularly its aesthetics values. Then, the changing triggers development. Dominantly the development is inluenced by two dominant aspects, i.e. internal aspect and external aspect. The music history said that the period of Middle Ages was influenced by political religion which was placed under Chatolic church authorization. Renaisance period was influenced by spirit of individualism and humanism, and also enthusiasm of anthropocentrism. The Barock era was shadowed by the political changing in Western Europe. The Classic dan Romantic period was shaded by the passion of territorial expansion and nationalism that was marked by Franch Revolution. After World War I and II the social changes were determined by the development of technology. It becomes significant factor. In musicology context, the development of technology has created several new music instruments. The relationship between internal and external aspect occurs correlative and the aesthetics values in music has been influenced by several aspects above. The existence of music is not caused by itself, but it influenced by another aspects.

References

Apel, Willi. (1972). Harvard Dictionary of Music. Cambridge, Massachussetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Boskoff, Alvin. (1964). “Recent Theories of Social Changes,” dalam Werner J. Cahnman dan Alvin Boskoff, Sociology and History: Theory and Research. London: The Free Press of Glencoe.
Block, Jenneth E. (1964). “Theories of Progress and Evolution”, dalam Werner J. Cahnman dan Alvin Boskoff, Sociology and History: Theory and Research. London: The Free Press of Glencoe.
Burkholder, J. Peter, et.al. (2005). A History of Western Music. New York: Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data, sevent edition.
Cooke, Deryck. (1989). The Language of Music. New York: Oxford University Press.
Crick, Bernard. (1987). Concepts of Social Thought. University of Minnesota Press.
Daniels, Patricia S & Stephen G. Hyslop. (2003). Almanac of World History. Washington D. C: National Geagraphic.
Fernandez, Stephanus Ozias. (1990). Citra Manusia Budaya Timur dan Barat. Flores, NTT: Nusa Indah.
Hamilton, Andy. (2007). Aesthetics and Music. New York: British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data.
Hardiman, F. Budi. (1993). Menuju Masyarakat Komunikatif: Ilmu, Masyarakat, Politik dan Postmodernisme menurut Jurgen Habermas. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.
Hauser, Arnold. (1982). The Sociology of Art. USA: Bloomington-Indianapolis.
Kaemer, John Edmund. (1993). Music in Human Life: Anthropological Perspective on Music. USA: University of Texas Press.
Kamien, Roger. (1994). Music: An Appreciation, Second Brief Edition. USA: Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data.
Kupferberg, Herbert. (1985). The Book of Classical Music Lists. USA: Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data.
Martopo, Hari. (2015). Musik Barat: Selayang Pandang. Yogyakarta: Panta Rhei Books Offset.
Mac Donald, Dwight. (1964). “A Theory of Mass Culture,”. Dalam Rosenberg, Bernard & White, David Manning (Ed.). Mass Culture: The Popular Arts in America. London: Collier Macmillan Publisher.
Merriam, Alan P. et.al. (1995). Etnomusikologi. Dalam Supanggah, Rahayu (Ed.). Yogyakarta: Masyarakat Seni Pertunjukan Indonesia.
Munro, Thomas. (1969). The Arts and Their Interrelation. London: The Press of Case Western Reserve University.
Nakagawa, Shin. (2000). Musik dan Kosmos. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.
Noth, Winfried. (1990). Handbook of Semiotics. USA: Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data.
William, Raymond. (1982). “The Technology and the Society”. Dalam Caldwell, John Thornton (Ed.). Electronic Media Electronic Media and Technoculture. London: The University of Chicago Press.
Wolff, Janet. (1993). The Social Production of Art. New York: New York University Press.
Published
2019-05-29
How to Cite
Supriyadi, S. (2019). NILAI ESTETIS MUSIK DALAM RENTANG SEJARAH MUSIK BARAT. Tonika: Jurnal Pengkajian Dan Penelitian Seni, 2(1), 1-18. Retrieved from http://journal.stt-abdiel.ac.id/tonika/article/view/39
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.