• Daniel Sema Sekolah Tinggi Theologia Abdiel
Keywords: chord, hymn, modality, major-minor, twentieth century music, church modes, tonality, triad


In today's Indonesian churches there are two types of music in worship, namely: hymnal songs or hymn (which are still used in mainstream Protestant churches) and contemporary Christian songs (used in Pentecostal and Charismatic churches). Nevertheless, contemporary Christian singing began to be accepted by some Protestant Christians and its existence increasingly dominated and urged the hymn. In order for the hymn to not be easily abandoned and felt contemporary, the author offers a new alternative to the creation of the hymn that has based itself on the major-minor mode for centuries. The alternative is the use of church mode, namely the Dorian mode as the basis for the creation or arrangement of a hymn. For this reason, the author tries to present a hymn arrangement for the song "Holy, Holy, Holy" by Reginald Heber in the SATB format in Dorian mode.


Agawu, Kofi. (2018). “Music as Discourse: Semiotic Adventures in Romantic Music.” Oxford Studies in Music Theory. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
Apel, Willi. (1974). Harvard Dictionary of Music: Second Edition, Revised and Enlarged. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Benjamin, Thomas., Horvit, Michael., & Nelson, Robert. (2008). Techniques and Materials of Music. Belmont: Clark Baxter.
Benward, Bruce. (2009). Musicin Theory and Practice. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Grodley, Mark C. (2012). Jazz Styles: History and Analysis Eleventh Edition. New Jersey: Pearson Education.
Haerle, Dan. (1980). The Jazz Language. Miami: Studio 224.
Hyer, Brian. (2001). “Tonality.” The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition. Dalam Sadie, Stanley & Tyrrel, John (Ed.). London: Macmillan
Meyer, Leonard B. (1994). Music, the Arts, and Ideas: Patterns and Predictions in Twentieth Century Culture. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.
Pearsall, Edward. (2012). Twentieth Century Music Theory and Practice. New York and London: Routledge.
Persichetti, Vincent. (1961). Twentieth Century Harmony. New York: W.W. Norton Company, Inc.
Randel, Don (Ed.). (1986). The New Harvard Dictionary of Music. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Slonimsky, Nicolas. (1998). Webster’s New World Dictionary of Music. New York: Schirmer Books.
Simms, Bryan R. (1996). Music of The Tweintieth Century. Belmont: Wadsworth Group.
Susanni, Paolo & Antokoletz, Elliott. (2012). Music and Twentieth – Century Tonality. New York: Routledge.
Yudkin, Jerremy. (1999). Understanding Music: second edition. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc.
How to Cite
Sema, D. (2019). MODUS DORIAN: SEBUAH ALTERNATIF BAGI PENCIPTAAN HYMN. Tonika: Jurnal Pengkajian Dan Penelitian Seni, 2(1), 48-62. Retrieved from

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.